Categories
Life Science

Voice properties. The concept of voice, voice strength, voice pitch, timbre, voice range, vibrato, resonator.

VOICE is a set of various sounds arising from vibrations of air in the respiratory tract of a person and propagating in the form of waves into the external environment. Like any sound, the voice has certain properties: Strength or loudness, pitch or frequency, timbre or color, range, vibrato. In two manifestations of the human voice – speaking and singing – these properties are different and the singing voice has its own characteristics.

 VOICE STRENGTH (loudness) is the swing, the amplitude of the oscillatory movements of the air, depends on the strength of sound appearing in the larynx and the degree of its amplification when passing through the airways. It is of great importance for verbal communication at a distance, and in singing work, it is especially important when working on stage. The strength of the voice can vary depending on the need. Opera singing requires a strong voice that can fill a large hall and be heard against the backdrop of orchestral accompaniment. The strength of the voice or volume changes in decibels.

How about the manner of singing the songs is it pleasant to hear why.

 VOICE HEIGHT is the ability of the human hearing organs to perceive the frequency of the oscillation of the air stream, which in turn breaks through the oscillating vocal folds of the larynx during the process of voice formation. It is the most important means of conveying semantic and emotional information in speech communication, and in singing to acquire the ability to express musical thoughts. Pitch is the frequency at which the vocal folds move in 1 second. The more often the folds and air vibrate, the higher the sound we hear. The pitch is measured in hertz. In men, it ranges from 85 to 200 Hz, in women from 160 to 340 Hz. Thus, the main determining factor for the height of a person’s voice is the sex of the person, and more precisely, the harmonious background – the quality and level of the body’s sex hormones. The latter can change with age, in this regard, the pitch of the voice may also change. In the process of voice formation of height (or frequency), the vibration of the vocal folds is regulated by their tension and depends on the size of the larynx – length, width. The thickness of the elasticity of the folds, that is, from “nature”, but it can change in the process of training the singer.

TEMBR or color of sound – an important expressive quality of a voice, especially a singing voice, is defined by various terms “light, dark”, “silver”, “velvet”, “metallic”, “soft”, etc. In physical meaning, the timbre depends on the frequency and vibration forces. All voice sounds are complex and consist of a pitch and multiple overtones that are higher than the pitch. The top of the overtones are called formants. The presence of high-altitude formants in the sound (high singing formant) makes the voice silvery, sonorous in flight. Low frequency formants (low singing formant) deep soft matte. Thus, overtones and formants provide the characteristic sound of the voice for each singer individually. At the modern level of recording, if you cut out the singing formant, the voice becomes impoverished and it is not possible to find out who is singing. From a physiological point of view, timbre is the result of subtle processes in the psyche that create the basis for a wide variety of pitch modulations. Timbre can convey the state of a person. From a scientific point of view, a person has 2 timbre varieties: Vocal timbre, which determines vowel sounds. Extravocal timbre is an individual feature of the voice characteristic of a spoken voice. By the vocal timbre we determine what the person is saying, by the extravocal timbre we determine who is speaking. The singing voice is distinguished by a special timbre of the “set voice”, sounding loud, bright, voluminous. Timbre determines the main sign of the value of a voice – the quality of sound; special attention is paid to timbre when selecting for special educational institutions – music colleges, art colleges, conservatory, music academy. Timbre is a natural quality of the voice, but it can improve with learning. A vocal timbre is characterized by such elements as: brilliance (this is usually an innate quality), volume, density, color. The ability of a singer to change the timbre coloring of a sound – creating different shades of timbre – is of great importance in the art of singing for creating an artistic image. The most brilliant abilities and the most beautiful timbre voices need development, correct voice placement, systematic work. Only intelligent and persistent training can clarify timbre, improve flexibility, and enhance the strength of the voice. And it is quite clear that there will be as many shades in the timbres as there will be emotions, experiences in it the singer will put. shine (this is usually an innate quality), volume, density, color. The ability of a singer to change the timbre coloring of a sound – creating different shades of timbre – is of great importance in the art of singing for creating an artistic image. The most brilliant abilities and the most beautiful timbre voices need development, correct voice placement, systematic work. Only intelligent and persistent training can clarify timbre, improve flexibility, and enhance the strength of the voice. And it is quite clear that there will be as many shades in the timbres as there will be emotions, experiences in it the singer will put. shine (this is usually an innate quality), volume, density, color. The ability of a singer to change the timbre coloring of a sound – creating different shades of timbre – is of great importance in the art of singing for creating an artistic image. The most brilliant abilities and the most beautiful timbre voices need development, correct voice training, systematic work. Only intelligent and persistent teaching can clarify timbre, improve flexibility, and enhance the strength of the voice. And it is quite clear that there will be as many shades in the timbres as there will be emotions, experiences in it the singer will put. The most brilliant abilities and the most beautiful timbre voices need development, correct voice placement, systematic work. Only intelligent and persistent teaching can clarify timbre, improve flexibility, and enhance the strength of the voice. And it is quite clear that there will be as many shades in the timbres as there will be emotions, experiences in it the singer will put. The most brilliant abilities and the most beautiful timbre voices need development, correct voice placement, systematic work. Only intelligent and persistent teaching can clarify timbre, improve flexibility, and enhance the strength of the voice. And it is quite clear that there will be as many shades in the timbres as there will be emotions, experiences in it the singer will put.

 VOICE RANGE – the volume of tones that can be reproduced by a voice in the aisles of the boundaries between the lowest and highest sound. It depends on age, gender, natural data, vocal education, voice development. The spoken and singing voice differs in range: the former has tonal purity in the aisles of one octave, and the tonal range of the singing voice is much wider and depends on vocal education. In the process of vocational training, the range should be expanded, i.e., the vocal apparatus should be developed to the maximum extent possible. This is usually the development of the extreme upper part of the range. Male voices reach a range of 2 to 2.5 octaves, while female voices can exceed 3 to 4 octaves (Peruvian singer Ima Sumac used 4 octaves). Such a wide range is the result of the development of the voice and careful work on it.

The characteristic of voice that makes it pleasant or unpleasant to hear

 VIBRATO is a periodic change in pitch, strength, and timbre of a certain tone. The singing voice has a pleasant, even pulsation, vibration of the voice in strength and pitch – vibrato. Natural vibration of folds in amplitude and frequency depends on their tone. This individual voice quality can change during training. It can change depending on the tessitura, the strength of the sound, on the psycho-emotional experiences of the singer and the nature of the opera part or work performed. Vibrato creates in the listener a sense of richness of sound, emotional performance and makes the sound fly. The absence of vibrato (“direct sound”) turns singing into lifeless tense sound. A change in vibrato happens in case of diseases or with an incorrect mode of operation of the voice apparatus, such as: prolonged forcing, unstable position of the larynx which can lead to tremolation, singing in high tessitura, which is not characteristic of the nature of the voice. A professional singing voice cannot sound good without the use of resonators.

 A RESONATOR is a hollow air-filled body with walls and outlets. In the vocal apparatus, this is the chest (the largest resonator), the cavity of the pharynx, mouth, nose, and paranasal sinuses. It must be said that a singer can keep his voice young and fresh only when he constantly attaches the head resonator to all other positions of the sound. This is the great secret of the singers who kept their voice young and fresh to a ripe old age. This is the difficulty in achieving excellence in the chosen profession.

                                                 Conclusion.

This methodological development reveals the concept of voice, its properties: voice strength, voice pitch, timbre, voice range, vibrato, resonator, which helps students in the classroom faster and easier to cope with the tasks assigned to them. It can be used in work as a handout for senior pupils of solo singing departments at children’s and music schools, students of secondary and higher professional educational institutions, as well as teachers of choirmasters to get acquainted with the theoretical aspects of the properties of voice in the classroom with the choir.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

code